Bulls and Bears, Short and Long. What do they mean on Olymp Trade?

Long and Short positionsEvery discipline has its own language or at least some expressions. Trading has them too. It is crucial for your trading performance that you understand their meaning. It will help you to learn the platform, make good decisions, and communicate with other traders. This article will explain the terms “bulls”, “bears”, “short” and “long”.

Short positions

Opening short positions, or shorting, is selling the asset at a high price and buying it back later on at a much lower price. So you borrow the asset to sell it and to buy it after some time with a profit. Such transactions are also known as being short or short-selling.

Bear in mind, that on Olymp Trade you sell contracts for the price difference when it comes to trading CFDs. You do not have to own the underlying asset, the transaction is based on the contract. But when you trade Fixed Time Trades shorting simply means you open a transaction for the price decrease.


When a trader believes that price will decrease he is being bearish. So the bear in the market means a fall. This term originates in an animal, the real bear, who punches with his paws downward.

A bearish market is when the prices are pushed down.

Now, you can act on your beliefs about falling prices and go short. Remember though your trades should be always based on deep market analysis.

bullish marketLong positions

Opening a long position implies you are buying the asset (or a contract or open Fixed Time Trade for the price increase). You can go long when you believe that the price of the financial instrument will rise. After some time, you will sell at a higher price and profit from the transaction.


Being bullish means a trader is convinced the price will increase. He may take action and open a long position. Again, we have an analogy to a real animal as the bull hits with its horns upwards.

We call a market bullish when there is an uptrend in the prices.

When you hear someone says he is long on that stock or that he is bullish on it, you can be sure this trader believes the prices will rise.

wild bearSummary

Short, bear, long, and bull are very commonly used in the trading world. You should know their meaning to understand what is going on in the market and to use information from articles, financial news, or conversations.

These terms are universal for different types of trading and investing and for various assets. No matter what you wish to trade, you must be acquainted with them as you will hear them often.

bullish and bearish

Short and bear indicate a fall in the prices and a trader is ready to sell.

Long and bull mean a rise in the asset’s price and that a trader is prepared to purchase a stock.

A trader can take an action and sell or buy with the hope of buying at a lower price (when selling) or selling at a higher price (when buying). This allows him to profit from the transaction.

Any time you decide to open a trading position, you should precede with market analysis. There are plenty of indicators and other tools on the Olymp Trade platform that will assist you in this task. Moreover, there is a free demo account in the offer which allows you to practice the trading approach in a risk-free environment.

Wish you good trading decisions!

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Bart Bregman

Full time day trading, and helping out with Olymp Trade wiki in my spare time to create an awesome platform for beginners. I'm a digital nomad that travels the world while working from everywhere!

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